Albania became the first country to break diplomatic relations after it expelled Iran’s diplomatic staff and formally broke relations with Tehran over a large-scale cyber attack in July, the Associated Press reports. The attacks mirror those on other NATO countries, including Germany, Lithuania, the Netherlands and Belgium and on anti-Iran countries in the Gulf.
The “HomeLand Justice” group claimed credit through Telegram for the ransomware attack.
The group purportedly targeted Albania over its sheltering of about 3,000 Iranian Mujahedeen-e-Khalq (MEK) dissidents. The group is the largest Iranian opposition movement and stems from the socialist guerrilla movement that opposed the Shah and now the current Islamic regime.